Piano Level 1 Help

IconDescription

Treble Clef or G clef

The treble clef is used for the high notes in music. It fixes the note G.

Bass Clef or F Clef

The bass clef is used for the low notes in music.  It fixes the note F.

Bracket

The bracket on the left hand side means read both lines of music simultaneously (at the same time).

4/4 Time signature

The top number tells you there are 4 beats in every bar. The bottom number is the value of the beat. The 4 on the bottom means quarter notes or crotchets. So 4/4 means 4 crotchet beats in every bar.

3/4 Time signature

The top number tells you there are 3 beats in every bar. The bottom number is the value of the beat. The 4 on the bottom means quarter notes or crotchets. So 3/4 means 3 crotchet beats in every bar.

Stave or staff

The stave is the 5 horizontal lines onto which musical notes are written. This system was invented nearly 1000 years ago and can be used to capture all styles of music.

Semibreve or whole note

The semibreve is the longest rhythm we use in modern music. It is worth 4 beats. When you see a semibreve say “Hold  2  3  4”.

Minim or half note

The minim is a rhythm symbol worth 2 beats. It is also displayed the other way up. When you see a minim say “Hold 2″…or even better, say “Don’t rush!”

Dotted minim or dotted half note

A dot written after a note adds on half of its value. The dotted minim is worth 2 + 1 = 3 beats. It is also displayed the other way up.  When you see a dotted minim say “Hold  2  3”

Crotchet or quarter note

The crotchet is a rhythm symbol worth 1 beat. It is also displayed the other way up. It is like the tick of the metronome, or a walking footstep. When you see a crotchet say “Tea”.